Plan: establish the objectives and processes necessary to deliver results in accordance with the organisation’s OH&S policy.
Do: implement the processes.
Check: monitor and measure processes against policy, objectives and external requirements.
Act: take actions to continually improve performance/learn and improve from experience.
This model was also used in the guidance, published jointly by the Institute of Directors and the HSE, Leading Health and Safety at Work. As well as employing the PDCA model, this guidance also recommends many of the same management system elements that are required by 18001, such as the appointment of a specific senior manager to lead health and safety for the organisation.