Corporate Manslaughter Act
How does the Corporate Manslaughter Act put YOU at risk?
By Simon Olliff, Managing Director at Banyard Solutions
A Manchester building contractor has been sent to jail for eight months for hiring two workers who were not qualified to carry out work at height and failing to provide fall protection measures on a roofing job, resulting in the death of a casual labourer who fell to his death.
In another recent case, an engineering company in North East England was fined £150,000 for providing inadequate PPE to its workers who were severely burned carrying out cleaning tasks using corrosive substances.
Could this be you and your business? These convictions have happened since the introduction of the new sentencing guidelines in February 2016 – with the potential for courts to levy increased fines and custodial sentences for serious breaches of health and safety.
Other high profile cases with huge fines include Merlin Attractions Operations: £5m, Conoco Philips: £3m, Cristal Pigment: £3m, Tata Steel: £1.98m, Foodles Production £1.6m.
Think about it: what could getting it wrong cost you?
In Focus: Corporate Manslaughter Act
One element of these new guidelines that could affect you includes the revisions to the 2007 Corporate Manslaughter Act – a landmark law at the time that made organisations accountable for corporate manslaughter incidents as the result of a serious management failure.
The sentencing process takes more into account than ever before, bringing in different elements of your business that you may not have initially realised.
The first step takes into account the seriousness of the incident, including the possible failure by employers to respond to near misses or to action advice from employees.
Whether the offence demonstrates a lack of adherence to recognised standards, inadequate training, supervision or reporting is also considered.
Other questions that help to determine the offence category of the incident include: Is it representative of fundamental systematic failings? Was there a death or serious personal injury? Is there a high risk of future deaths?
Category A groups incidents where answers to the questions indicate a high level of harm or culpability.
Category B is in place when answers to the questions indicate a lower level of culpability. The fine eventually imposed on the organisation is usually dependant on turnover on the proviso that a detailed and accurate record of financial information is provided.
A medium organisation with a turnover between £10 million- £50 million with an Offence Category A can expect a fine between £1,800,000 up to £7,500,000.
For a small organisation with a turnover between £2 million- £10 million also grouped into Offence Category A, the fine can range from £540,000- £2,800,000.
On the occasions where the financial information provided is not to the court’s satisfaction, the fine can be unlimited.
This stringent approach has irrevocably altered the landscape of health and safety sentencing and the punishment inflicted on offending organisations.
In the first sentencing under the new guidelines in July 2016, Monavon Construction Ltd pleaded guilty to two counts of corporate manslaughter, following an incident in October 2013 when two men fell into a 3.7 metre light well that only had perimeter edge protection, rather than metal railings, fixed around it.
Both men died at the scene. The judge fined the company £250,000 for each of the corporate manslaughter offences, plus £50,000 for breach of the Health and Safety at Work Act.
This fine was based on the company being a micro organisation, taking into account the company’s fundamentally good safety record, lack of previous prosecutions and the steps taken immediately after the incident to rectify the issue.
Just one year in action, these guidelines have resulted in over 19 fines of more than £1million, compared to three in 2015, and none in 2014.
It is critical you understand the changes to the Corporate Manslaughter Act, how this has already seriously impacted offending organisations in terms of finances and reputation, and how you can protect your workforce and your business from serious failings and possible prosecution.
Aggravating factors within the sentencing process that could increase the fine given include cost cutting at the expense of health and safety, a poor health and safety record, and falsification of documents and licenses. Factors that could reduce the total fine include evidence of steps taken to remedy the issue, a good health and safety record and relevant procedures in place.
While you can guarantee the efficiency and conformity of your written health and safety processes, you cannot be completely sure that firstly, these policies are being wholly implemented on site and secondly, that your entire supply chain is fully compliant.
E-permits, the web-based Permit-to-Work system improves your management control, reducing possible risk of injury to people by ensuring all of the individuals on your site have genuine, up to date qualifications meeting your criteria and standards – alerting you immediately if the situation changes.
It enables you to have complete visibility of all of the contractors within your supply chain, providing an accurate overview to who is doing what, when, where, why and how in your buildings, connecting your internal policies and external legislation and regulation requirements.
Incidents can be prevented from happening in the first place but on the rare occasion something does occur, the e-permits system enables you to demonstrate that you have put all reasonably practicable methods in place.
The revisions to the Corporate Manslaughter Act highlight that each incident is treated entirely in its own right but that the punishments for offending businesses are stronger than ever before.
The sentencing process takes a plethora of factors into account, including an organisation’s previous record and compliance, current health and safety systems and self reporting processes
The message is clear- fail to prepare? Prepare to fail if something goes wrong.
Simon Olliff is managing director of Banyard Solutions
Legislation is at the heart of health and safety. If your business isn’t up to date with the very latest government regulations, you could face heavy fines and enormous reputational damage. Understand the health and safety implications of all the major pieces of legislation passed over the course of 2018.
Your SHP Legislation Update eBook covers:
- Some of the findings of the Hackitt Report on the Grenfell Fire
- The implications of GDPR on health and safety provision
- New sentencing guidelines for manslaughter
- New regulations for personal protective equipment
- The past year in environmental regulation and energy law
- A look at what’s to come in the next year